Kihon (Basics)

Karate (空手) means empty hand and is a Japanese development from the Chinese origin, where the body can be used as a weapon. You can use your limbs, parts of the hand, arms and legs and even your head to get out of a plight. The way in which this happens is studied during the practice of Kihon (基本). So Kihon is the part of karate that covers all basic techniques. To master karate you must first and foremost study these techniques and practice them frequently. This forms the basis ofKyokushinkai Karate (極 真 会).

Kihon includes positions, hand and foot techniques. These come back on impact, kicks, and blocks. Kihon also consists of arm and hand techniques such as Uraken, Shuto and Tsuki, leg and foot techniques like Mae-geri and Mawashi-geri and breathing exercises like Ibuke and Nogari.

By performing Kihon with the right effort, you also show respect and discipline, both important characteristics for a karateka. Kihon is an important part of the training. A lot of attention is paid to the basic techniques and the running of those techniques in a certain form.

A large part of the training for beginners, therefore, consists of the Warming-up and then Kihon. Advanced students and masters also continue to practice and perfect Kihon. Through frequent repetition of a technique in the Kihon, certain automaticity is acquired. The consequence of this is that in Kata (型) and Kumite (組 手) it is no longer necessary to think about the proper implementation of these techniques. 

Kihon is the basis for learning to move in both Kata and Kumite. The first step towards Kata is Renzoku Waza (連 続 技) called or follow-up techniques linked to a logical way of moving in Kihon. The step towards Kumite becomes Renraku Waza and is combination techniques in Kumite no Kamae.

If one performs a fixed series of techniques in motion, so with the help of a number of positions, this is called Renzoku-Waza or practicing basic movement. The practitioner performs one or more basic techniques in a particular position and then steps further and repeats these techniques. After several turns, turn 180 degrees and repeat the sequence. In this way, the karateka refines his positions and balance, he gains insight into the use of the techniques learned in a more realistic context. It is also excellent preparation for Kata.